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HMC command line:

The 2 mostly used commands to gather info about managed systems and lpars:

lssyscfg: info about managed system, lpar (i.e. running or not) or profile configuration
lshwres: info about the resources (cpu/mem/vscsi..) of a managed system or lpar

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lssyscfg

Lists managed-systems, partitions, partition profiles and attibutes of them. When you give resource type you can choose from: sys, lpar or prof.

If sys or lpar has been chosen it does not list resources like cpu/mem settings or vscsi/vfc adapter config, only general info about the system/lpar, like lpar is activated or not, what is the cpu mode, or rmc state...

If prof is chosen, it lists cpu,mem,vscsi... config from the lpar profile. (lshwres command shows these data from the running partition, not from the profile.)


lssyscfg -m <sys> -r <res> --filter "<name>=<value>,<value>" -F <attr>,<attr> --header

-m name of the managed system (if omitted all managed systems will be listed)

-r resource type
     sys gives general indo about managed system
     lpar gives general info about lpar
     prof gives specific infos (cpu, mem, vscsi..) from the lpar profile

--filter select values for a specific resource only (lpar_ids, lpar_names and profile_names)
   "lpar_ids=...,..."
   "lpar_names=...,."
   "profile_names=.."

-F display only the given attributes (name of the attr. will not be displayed and delimeter can be specified)

--header show header of the displayed values

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lssyscfg -r sys -F name lists name of managed systems (this name can be used in other commands)

lssyscfg -m <sys> -r lpar lists general info of lpars on the managed sys.
lssyscfg -m <sys> -r prof lists all settings in the lpar profiles on the managed sys.

other example:
lssyscfg -m <sys> -r lpar -F name,state --header                                  lists lpars and if it is activated or not
lssyscfg -m <sys> -r prof -F lpar_name,virtual_eth_adapters                        lists lpars with eth. adapters (vlan tags will be shown as well)
lssyscfg -m <sys> -r prof --filter "lpar_names=<lpar>" -F name,virtual_fc_adapters lists vfc adapters (with wwpn) of an lpar


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lshwres:

Lists hardware resources of the managed-system and lpars, including physical I/O, virtual I/O, cpu/mem settings, (shared) processor pool, etc.

lshwres -m <sys> -r <res> --rsubtype <subtype> --level <lpar/sys> --filter "<name>=<value>,<value>" -F <attr>,<attr> --header

-m name of the managed system (lssyscfg -r sys -F name)

-r resource type
     io      physical io
     mem memory
     proc    processing unit
     virtualio virtual io

--rsubtype subtype of the resource given previously (it works for io and virualio)
     io       slot, slotchildresn (these can be used for the resource 'io')
     virtualio eth, fc, scsi, vswitch (these can be used for the resource 'virtualio')

--level      display info of managed system or lpar (it works for mem, proc and virtualio)
     lpar info is taken from lpar level (i.e memory values of the lpars)
     sys info is taken from system level (i.e memory value of the managed system)

--filter select values for a specific resource only (not all value can be used as filter)
   "lpar_ids=...,..."
   "lpar_names=...,."
   "vlans=...,...,.."

-F display given attributes (the name of the attribute will not be displayed and delimeter can be specified)

--header show header of the displayed values

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Physical I/O (io):
lshwres -m <sys> -r io --rsubtype slot/slotchildren shows io slot information (or children devices of slots)


MEM/PROC (mem/proc):
lshwres -m <sys> -r mem/proc --level lpar/sys shows mem/proc info of all lpars or the managed system


VIRTUAL I/O (virtualio):
lshwres -m <sys> -r virualio --rsubtype vswitch shows virtual switches with configured vlan ids on them
lshwres -m <sys> -r virualio --rsubtype eth --level lpar   shows virt. ethernet adapters with lpar_name,slot_id, vlan_id....
lshwres -m <sys> -r virualio --rsubtype fc --level lpar    shows virt. fc adapters with lpar_name,slot_id, wwpns...
lshwres -m <sys> -r virualio --rsubtype scsi --level lpar shows vscsi adapters with lpar_name,slot_id...


SR-IOV (sriov):
lshwres -m <sys> -r sriov --rsubtype physport --level ethc lists physical port config: location, speed, mtu size ...
lshwres -m <sys> -r sriov --rsubtype logport --level eth   lists logical port config: capacity, mac address, vlans ...
chhwres -m <sys> -r sriov --rsubtype physport -o s -a “adapter_id=1,phys_port_id=1,conn_speed=10000”  change phys. port config


other example:
lshwres -m <sys> -r virtualio --rsubtype eth --level lpar --filter "lpar_names=<lpar>" -F slot_num:addl_vlan_ids  shows lpar virt. adapters and vlans

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Other commands:

TAB-TAB          shows all commands available for the user (commands have --help option and man pages)

chsysstate -m <sys> -o standby -r sys    power on a system to standby
chsysstate -m <sys> -r sys  -o off                                 normal power off the managed system
chsysstate -m <sys> -r sys -o off --immed                           fast power off the managed system

chsysstate -m <sys> -r lpar -n <lpar> -o shutdown --restart          it will reboot an lpar with dump
chsysstate -m <sys> -r lpar -n <lpar> -o shutdown --immed --restart  it will reboot an lpar immediately (without dump)
chsysstate -m <sys> -r lpar -n <lpar> -o shutdown --immed    it will shutdown the operating system
chsysstate -m <sys> -r lpar -n <lpar> -o on -f default               it will activate an lpar

migrlpar  perform partition migrations
lslparmigr  lists info about lpar migration
lslparmigr -m <sys> -r lpar                                       list lpars and migration state (not migrating or migrating..)
lslparmigr -r sys -m <managed system> | sed "s/,/\n/g"               shows how many concurrent migr. is possible

lsnportlogin -m sys> --filter "lpar_names=<lpar>"                    list all npiv (wwpn) info of an lpar
lsnportlogin -m sys> --filter "lpar_names=<lpar>" -F wwpn  lists only wwpn of given lpar

lspartition -dlpar  shows dlpar capable partitions
 (it will show if RMC connection is OK between the HMC and LPAR)

lssacfg -t email  shows email notification settings

lssysconn -r all  to see what IPs are assigned by the HMC
mksysconn -o auto  tells HMC to re-discover all servers' IP address

lssvcevents -t console -d 60  lists console events in the past 60 days
lssvcevents -t hardware -d 0  list serviceable events which occured today
lssvcevents -t console -d 300 | grep DLPAR  list DLPAR operations of last 300 days (you can grep more to mem or proc)
lssvcevents -t console -d 7 | grep Migration  list last 7 days LPMs

lshmc -V  hmc version
lshmv -v  hmc model
lshmc -n  lists the network settings of the hmc
hmcshutdown -t now -r  reboot the HMC (-t: timing in minutes, -r: reboot)

lslogon -r webui -u  lists users logged in gui (lslogon -r webui -t <--lists running tasks)
lslogon -r ssh -u  lists users logged in cli (lslogon -r ssh -t <--lists running tasks)
termtask -r { webgui | ssh } -s (session) -t (task)  terminate a running task (or all tasks)

monhmc -r mem -n 0  shows total, used and free mamory of HMC
monhmc -r disk -n 0  shows filesystems and usage info (same as "df -k")
monhmc -r proc -n 0  shows cpu usage of each processor
monhmc -r swap -n 0  shows paging space usage

sendfile  transfer files with ftp from HMC to another server

vtmenu  hmc menu options (console session can be opened as well)
logout: ~~. (2 tilde and a dot)


for i in `lssyscfg -r sys -F name`;do echo $i;lssyscfg -r lpar -m $i -F name|grep <LPARNAME>;echo;done    <--shows man. system of given LPAR
for i in `lssyscfg -r sys -F name`;do lssyscfg -r prof -m $i -F lpar_name,virtual_eth_adapters | grep vio | grep <VLAN>;echo; done <--shows spec. VLAN
for i in `lssyscfg -r sys -F name` ; do echo $i; lssyscfg -r prof -m $i -F name,lpar_name --header; done  <--show all lpar profiles

for sys in `lssyscfg -r sys -F name`; do for vio in `lssyscfg -r lpar -m $sys -F name,lpar_env | grep vioserver | cut -f 1 -d, | sort`; do echo $vio; viosvrcmd -m $sys -p $vio -c errlog; done; done                     <--runs a command (here errlog) on VIOS servers
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Default root password: passw0rd (try su -)

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/usr/samples/tcpip/anon.ftp

If you want to use remote FTP installs on HMC, an FTP user will be needed on the remote (AIX) server.
There is a default script on AIX which creates an ftp or anonymous user for this FTP connection: /usr/samples/tcpip/anon.ftp
This scripts should be used to create FTP user, otherwise connection will work but files won’t be reachable by HMC.

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opening/closing virtual terminal from hmc:

lssyscfg -r sys -F name                         <--get managed system name
lssyscfg -r lpar -m <managed system> -F name    <--get lpar name

mkvterm -m <managed system> -p <lpar>           <--opens a terminal window
rmvterm -m <managed system> -p <lpar>           <--closes a terminal window

~~.                                             <--logout from the session (not necessary to leave AIX)

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Adding/removing VLAN TAG dynamically:
(it will not add to profile)

adding:
chhwres -r virtualio --rsubtype eth -m <man.sys.> -o s -p <LPAR> -s <adapter id> -a "addl_vlan_ids+=<VLAN TAG>"

removing:
chhwres -r virtualio --rsubtype eth -m <man.sys.> -o s -p <LPAR> -s <adapter id> -a "addl_vlan_ids-=<VLAN TAG>"

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Changing LPAR weight:

lshwres -r proc -m <MAN_SYS> --level lpar --filter lpar_names=<LPAR_NAME>                            list actual running config
chhwres -r proc -m <MAN_SYS> -p <LPAR_NAME> -o s -a "uncap_weight=32"                                changes weight of actual running config

lssyscfg -r prof -m <MAN_SYS> --filter lpar_names=<LPAR_NAME>                                        list profile
chsyscfg -r prof -m <MAN_SYS> -i "name=<PROFILE_NAME>,lpar_name=<LPAR_NAME>,uncap_weight=32"         changes weight in given profile


42 comments:

  1. Are there anymore HMC CLI to create an LPAR and update/check profile as example?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Is there any command to find the managed system on which the LPAR resides ? I know how to find the HMC, I need the MS.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. 'uname -M' and 'uname -u' will show the machine type/model and the serial (MTMS). On the HMC, you must list each managed system's LPARs to find yours. The safest bet will be the LPAR number, as seen with 'uname -L' from AIX.

      Try something like this in the CLI:

      for sys in $(lssyscfg -r sys -Fname); do lssyscfg -r lpar -m $sys -Fname,lpar_id; done

      Delete
    2. Thx a lot newsfromhungary :)
      (I'm also from Hungary :))

      Delete
    3. Yeah, I managed to figure it out. :P

      Delete
  3. hscroot@localhost:~> rmsyscfg -r lpar -m p570 -n VIO_Server
    An error occurred while deleting the partition named VIO_Server.
    HSCL11C0 The Virtual I/O Server partition VIO_Server cannot be deleted because it is assigned to the reserved storage device pool or the shared memory pool.

    How to force remove the VIO server? How to remove reserved storage device pool ?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. On HMC GUI you can remove Reserved Storage Device Pool: Choose a server, then in the Virtual Resources option you can find Reserved Storage Device Pool Management. There you can choose delete. After that you should be able to remove VIO server.

      Delete
  4. will this work "lshmv -v"
    ?

    ReplyDelete
  5. Power4& HMC version 3.3.7 -->How to see the amber attention on the server and how to turn off it in command line ?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I've never worked on these "old" versions...probably someone else knows.

      Delete
  6. Any way to find out what subnets or IP's are configured on interfaces on LPARs using HMC CLI?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I'm not aware of any of this command. My assumption, it is not possible, because IPs are set inside the OS...

      Delete
    2. if they have a RMC connection you could try "lspartition -dlpar"...

      Delete
  7. how to find managed system firmware level from HMC cli

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. # lslic -m [managed_system] -t sys -Fcurr_ecnumber_primary:activated_level
      01AM730:99

      Delete
  8. Try
    lslic -m -t syspower

    ReplyDelete
  9. is there any command to know the architecture of managed server.

    ReplyDelete
  10. what precautions need to take care before rebooting dual HMCs..
    Pls tell me steps ...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, I'm usually checking (asking around) if someone has a running job there, and I reboot 1 HMC at a time. After it came back, then the next one.

      Delete
    2. I mean what backup need to take care ..

      Delete
  11. Actually I am Solaris Admin and beginner in AIX. These commands helped a lot.

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  12. Is there any command to enable/disable performance monitoring feature of HMC ?

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Usage: chlparutil -r config
      [-m ]
      -s
      [--help]

      Changes the settings for utilization data collection for managed systems.

      -r - the settings to be changed:
      config - configuration settings
      -m - the managed system's name
      -s - the sample rate in seconds
      --help - prints this help

      Delete
  13. is there any errpt in hmc ? to check the errors occured since hmc is rebooted don no why

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. you can check command "lssvcevents"

      Delete
  14. Is there a command to boot a lpar into sms mode?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. can be acheived in 2 ways - 1. with new profile created and 2.overwriting the current profile, commands for both the ways :

      1. --> hscroot@hmc> chsysstate -r lpar -m pserver -o on -f sms_profile -n my_lpar
      2. --> hscroot@hmc> chsysstate -r lpar -m pserver -o on -f my_profile -b sms -n my_lpar

      Delete
  15. Hello, i have a hmc server and a Power4 using lpar.
    i need to connect both to admin partitions but i don't know how to do it cause i don't know if i need to use a serial utp, cross utp, and if the lpar console has a dhcp or i need to try to use a ip
    does someone knows what i need to use?
    Have a nice day

    ReplyDelete
  16. Greate command tool for HMC is EZH (Easy HMC Command Line Interface). http://sourceforge.net/projects/ezh/

    ReplyDelete
  17. To Boot in Verbose mode from HMC command line :

    $ chsysstate -r lpar -m -o on -n -b of -f
    $ mkvterm -m -p
    0> boot -s verbose

    ----------------
    Attempting to configure device 'fscsi6'
    cfgmgr Time: 0 LEDS: 0x2700
    Invoking /usr/lib/methods/cfgefscsi -1 -l fscsi6
    Number of running methods: 4
    ----------------
    Completed method for: fcs7, Elapsed time = 0
    Return code = 0
    ***** stdout *****
    fscsi7
    *** no stderr ****
    ----------------
    Time: 0 LEDS: 0x2700 for fscsi6
    Number of running methods: 3
    cfgmgr exec(/bin/sh,-c,/usr/lib/methods/cfgefscsi -1 -l fscsi6){135238,102466}
    ----------------
    Attempting to configure device 'fscsi7'
    cfgmgr Time: 0 LEDS: 0x2700
    Invoking /usr/lib/methods/cfgefscsi -1 -l fscsi7
    exec(/usr/lib/methods/cfgefscsi,-1,-l,fscsi6){135238,102466}
    Number of running methods: 4
    exec(/bin/sh,-c,/usr/lib/methods/cfgefscsi -1 -l fscsi7){122944,102466}
    exec(/usr/lib/methods/cfgefscsi,-1,-l,fscsi7){122944,102466}
    ----------------
    Completed method for: fscsi7, Elapsed time = 0
    Return code = 0
    *** no stdout ****
    *** no stderr ****
    ----------------
    Time: 0 LEDS: 0x2700 for fscsi6
    Number of running methods: 3
    cfgmgr ----------------
    Completed method for: fscsi5, Elapsed time = 0
    Return code = 0
    *** no stdout ****
    *** no stderr ****
    ----------------
    Time: 0 LEDS: 0x2700 for fscsi6
    Number of running methods: 2
    cfgmgr

    ReplyDelete
  18. Is there any way to add a Virtual Ethernet adapter dynamically using command line to the running LPAR profile (not in the VIOS), I need to add lot of them. Thanks in advance.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Szia Balázs!

    Do you know a solution to find the CPU speed in HMC without using ASMI, or entering to the lpar ?

    Thank you!

    ReplyDelete
  20. How to get server logs when server was down and up. Eventually I wanted to calculate downtime.

    ReplyDelete
  21. Hi. Is there a cron for scheduling tasks in HMC. As for example shutdown the managed server everyday at 18.00 ?
    Thanks.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Hi,

    How to reset administrator/system ID in FSM, i do have only pe ID available and pe have limited rights, needs to know how i can reset other id's password.

    ReplyDelete